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eISSN: 1734-4948
ISSN: 0860-6161
Advances in Rehabilitation
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Journal's reviewers Abstracting and indexing Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
4/2021
vol. 35
 
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abstract:

Can a cervical muscle inhibition technique reduce chronic low back pain?

Shabnam Joshi
1
,
Rekha Yadav
1
,
Alka Pawalia
1

1.
Department of Physiotherapy, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar, India
Advances in Rehabilitation, 2021, 35(4), 38–46
Online publish date: 2021/11/24
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Introduction
Chronic low back pain is the pain in the lumbo-sacral area with a duration of more than 3 months. Aim: To find out the efficacy of sub-occipital muscle inhibition technique along with interferential therapy and exercises on pain and other functional parameters in chronic low back pain patients.

Material and methods
45 patients with a mean age of 38.53±9.36 years who had chronić low back pain were randomly assigned to 3 groups (n =15 in each group). Group-A received sub-occipital muscle inhibition technique, interferential therapy and exercise training, Group-B received interferential therapy and exercise training and Group-C received exercise training only for 3 days/week for 4 weeks. The outcome measures used were Numerical Pain Rating Scale, Modified-Modified Schober’s Test, Oswestry Disability Index and SF-36 questionnaire. Patients were assessed at baseline, after 2 weeks and 4 weeks.

Results
There was significant within-group-effects (p = 0.000) for NPRS, lumbar flexion, functional disability (ODI) and quality of life (SF-36) in all the three groups, but not lumbar extension. There was significant between-group-effect in lumbar flexion, lumbar extension and functional disability (p<0.05).

Conclusions
The sub-occipital muscle inhibition technique along with interferential therapy and spinal exercises have better clinical effects than interferential therapy and exercises alone in chronic low back pain patients.

keywords:

interferential therapy, low back pain, sub-occipital muscle, muscle inhibition technique











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