eISSN: 1734-4948
ISSN: 0860-6161
Advances in Rehabilitation
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2020
vol. 34
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The psychophysiological status of the handball players in pre-competitive period correlated with the reactions of autonomic nervous system

Valeria Tyshchenko
1
,
Gennadii Lisenchuk
2
,
Tetiana Odynets
3
,
Pavlo Pyptiuk
1
,
Olena Bessarabova
4
,
Lia Galchenko
5
,
Igor Dyadechko
5

1.
Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Training and Sports, Zaporizhzhia National University, Ukraine
2.
Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Culture, Mykolaiv V. Sukhomlynskyi National University, Ukraine
3.
Department of Theory of Sport and Physical Culture, Lviv State University of Physical Culture, Ukraine
4.
Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Zaporizhzhia National University, Ukraine
5.
Zaporizhzhia National University, Department of Physical Training and Sport, Ukraine
Advances in Rehabilitation, 2020, 34(1), 40–46
Online publish date: 2020/01/19
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Introduction
The aim of the study was to analyze the changes in the indices of the autonomic nervous system and the adaptive capacity of Ukrainian Super League handball players prior to significant competitions.

Material and methods
This research involved 39 handball players from the Ukrainian Super League aged 18–22 years old. The study examined the overall tone of the autonomic nervous system (ANS ) measuring electrodermal activity of the athletes. Reactivity of the ANS of players was monitored by the method of R. Baevskyy, the efficiency of competitive activity in handball was analyzed by the integral index of technical and tactical handball skills.

Results
Before the competition, the reaction in the sympathoadrenal system was launched for vagotonics as the intended response to the upcoming games. The measured indicators marked mental stress and activation of the sympathoadrenal system for the sympathotonics group. The аtonics group provided the emotional ground due to the balanced influence of para- and sympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system.

Conclusions
The index of functional changes in all participants detected a satisfactory level of adaptation. The highest sympathetic activity was observed for аtonics, the lowest – for vagotonics. The best results were documented for athletes who did not have autonomic dysfunction and those who had a slight predominance of the sympathetic component of the autonomic regulation.

keywords:

cardiovascular system, technical skills, handball players











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