eISSN: 1734-4948
ISSN: 0860-6161
Advances in Rehabilitation
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vol. 37
Original article

Unilateral and bilateral jumping performance in female basketball players with and without a history of lower limb injuries

Magdalena Zawadka
Wojciech Talacha
Kamila Oleszczak
Joanna Paprocka
Agata Czepinska
Lena Sobiech
Piotr Gawda

Department of Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Faculty of Medical Dentistry, Medical University of Gdansk, Poland
Advances in Rehabilitation, 2023, 37(3), 23–33
Online publish date: 2023/09/29
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Lower limb injuries are major problems in team sports, especially among female players. The study aimed to investigate how lower limb injury history compared to no history of injuries affects unilateral and bilateral jumping performance in female basketball players. Additionally, knee and ankle mobility were investigated.

Material and methods
Twenty-one female basketball players participated in this study: 12 players from the elite level and 9 from the university team. There were 21 limbs with an injury history of knee or ankle sprain. Two jumping tests were conducted: a two-leg countermovement jump (CMJ) without arm swing, and a series of single-leg jumps within 15 seconds. Parameters of jumps were detected and measured using the optical measuring system. Injury history was investigated using a survey.

Elite players had a greater CMJ height and specific and total energy than university players. Elite players had greater active knee extension and smaller ankle dorsiflexion than university players. No significant differences were found between knee and ankle injuries in terms of the parameters of CMJ and single-leg jumps or range of motion. There were significant correlations between the frequency of jumps (r = -0.66, p = 0.001), total energy (r = 0.55, p = 0.009), contact time (r = 0.49, p = 0.02), height (r = 0.46, p = 0.03) and the time elapsed since the injury.

Coaches and physiotherapists should consider the connection between time elapsed since the injury and jumping performance when evaluating female basketball players' abilities and risk factors for re-injury.


Ankle, Knee, Plyometric exercise, Sports, Rehabilitation

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